Native Indian Americans

27th Annual CNIA Pow Wow, Visit us at...

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Aaniin-Hello in Ojibwe! Ya'at'eeh (Hello in Navajo), Aanii, Hau Mitakuyepi (Hello in Lakota)..(Others) I can't remember my first actual experience with Native American culture. I guess growing up in the St. Paul Public school system was probably my first time in the classrooms or pow wow events we attended.

Going to UMM was probably the most significant educational-cultural impact. UMM has roots of this unique culture as there was a Catholic Indian School before this campus. In fact, one can tell with the names around the college campus: Turtle Mountain Cafe (Student Center's cafeteria), Oyate Hall, etc... Also, the Cultural Native Indian American (UMM student organization) group sponsors an annual Pow-Wow each spring, which other area Indian reservations participate.

I've been to camps that has focus on reaching out to the Native American people with Morris Community Church, which I've been able to pull up some of the following resources down below. For example, I went to Hungry Horse-Glacier National Park in Montana in the summer of 2002, which I learned more of other tribes (eg. Black Feet) other than the familiar ones in Minnesota (Ojibwe, Dakotah, etc...).

I've talk to some Native American Indian Christians, which they share the importance of not condemning ancient cultural customs (eg. pow wows). They can be a "vessel" in relating-reaching to these people. One I met at the "Ethnic Harvest 03" conference told me we need to embrace the different ethnic cultural heritage:

Ethnic/Indigenous Music is a powerful tool in reaching a group of people
-ex. drum at the boys and girls club in contrast to the popularity of rap

*Above is some text I got from a worksheet that got passed at a workshop on "Ethnic/Indigenous Music" by David Innerebner (Native American Indian Christian, who travels all over to speak on this topic) at "Ethnic Harvest 2003" in the Twin Cities.

Personal Testimonies:

  • Power to Change Testimony

  • Recommended Resources

    Native American Indian Alumn


    College Campus

  • CNIA, Circle of Nations Indian Association-UMM Student Organization (new site)

  • UMM named top institution in support of American Indian students An active student American Indian Science and Engineering Society (AISES) chapter helps heighten UMM’s profile By: Elaine Simonds-Jaradat, UMM News Service, Morris Sun Tribune Published September 12, 2011, 02:14 PM

  • "Winds of Change has named the University of Minnesota, Morris as one of the top 200 institutions in the nation in support of American Indian students. Published quarterly by the American Indian Science and Engineering Society (AISES), Winds of Change is the leading nationally distributed magazine published with a single-minded focus on career and educational advancement for American Indian and Alaska Native peoples with an emphasis on science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). In addition to the quarterly publication, Winds of Change releases an annual Top 200 Colleges issue.
    Tracy Peterson, Morris's associate director of multi-ethnic student programs, explains that the Winds of Change Top 200 College issue is not a ranking. It is an alphabetical listing by state of 200 institutions, including, Morris at which American Indian and Alaskan Native students are especially welcomed and nourished.
    Morris offers numerous support programs for American Indian students, including scholarships, mentorships, and academic and social organizations. But its AISES student chapter is a key contributor to its visibility. The Morris chapter was born in spring 2005 backed by faculty co-advisers Joseph Alia, associate professor of chemistry, and Jong-Min Kim, professor of statistics. Alia sees his involvement in the organization as a way to get students interested in STEM careers and to form a nucleus of friends, creating double payback. Besides, he says, “It doesn’t feel like work.”
    Alia’s co-adviser, Peterson, observes that having faculty members as AISES advisers is rare. He knows from personal experience that at most other campuses the adviser is usually a staff member from student services. An AISES member for 20 years, it was the impetus for Peterson to attend college, he says. Opportunities for leadership roles led him to become regional representative for colleges in New Mexico and Iowa.
    Melissa Carnicle ’13, Garretson, South Dakota, AISES chapter co-chair, says, “It’s great that UMM has faculty interested in doing this for students.” For her, personal relationships with faculty is one of the major draws of UMM because “it encourages the whole person, both social and academic.” She and Alia agree that Morris’s chapter has really taken off in the last two years. Morris sends the largest number of students to the AISES national conference billed as a “one-of-a-kind” three-day event convening students, teachers, workforce professionals, corporate partners, and others for professional development, networking opportunities, student presentations, a career fair, awards, and traditional events. Eleven students, supported by travel scholarships and fundraisers, attended last year and even more are expected to present their research this year when the conference is held at the Minneapolis Convention Center in November 2011. Recognizing the host city and region as a major agricultural hub, the conference theme, Food for Thought, centers on issues of food, agriculture, plant science, and technology.
    Morris’s Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Talent Expansion (STEP) and Wind-STEP programs may be part of the reason for increased student interest in AISES. The STEP program seeks to encourage American Indian students to pursue degrees and careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics in an effort to address the need for scientists in the United States. Wind-STEP focuses on wind energy and it’s application to the needs and wants of reservation communities. Program coordinator James Cotter, professor of geology, states in his spring 2011 report, “When the STEP program was implemented in 2007 there were 33 Native American STEM majors and seven new freshmen STEM majors enrolled that fall. UMM now has 64 Native American STEM majors,” nearly doubling in four years.
    A chemistry, geology, and environmental science major, Carnicle considers the conference “a great way to network,” especially since it may be the first time that some students begin to consider graduate school.
    Carnicle describes AISES at UMM as “students who have common interests” and stresses the leadership role as one of its most important aspects. A NorthStar Fellow, she has mentored four students in the Northstar-STEM Alliance, a support group for incoming students. She thrives at Morris and credits AISES for helping her “get out of that shell.” Self-described as “not good in high school,” the support and mentorship she has received at UMM changed her future, she says. "


    -Pow Wow

  • Native American Powwow, from

  • " Each year, Morris area residents are cordially invited to join friends, neighbors, and new faces at a gathering rich in beauty, culture and tradition. The event is the Annual Powwow held each spring at the UMM PE Center.

    The annual powwow is organized by the Circle of Nations Indian Association -­ a UMM student group -- and is free of charge and open to the public.
    Visitors are free to come and go as they like. Bleacher seating is available, or spectators can move about to experience the dancing and drumming or talk with artisans selling handmade beadwork and crafts. Grand entry processions are usually at 1pm and 6pm.
    Powwow, or "Wacipi" in the Dakota language, means "gathering of people". Dakota, Lakota, Ojibwe and other tribal people come from across Minnesota and surrounding states.
    Native Americans attend powwows to celebrate their culture, to meet with friends and family, to express themselves artistically or spiritually, or simply to have fun.
    Music is provided by drum groups who come from throughout the region. Drummers sit in a circle and beat the drum in unison, taking turns leading songs and dances. In recent years, the UMM powwow has drawn more than 14 drum groups.
    All dimensions of the powwow are rich in meaning and symbolism. The drum is considered sacred and is often blessed or named. Powwow songs can express thanksgiving, happiness, nature, or recount events. In history, some powwow songs were shared between tribes that did not speak the same language, leading to lyrics being replaced by chanting so that everyone could participate.
    Dancers of all ages wear colorful, traditional attire that is often handmade. Decorations like beadwork or feathers can express the dancer’s feelings, interests, or spiritual quest. "Honorings" from elders or family may be sewn onto the outfit. Traditional elements are often interwoven with modern symbols.
    An especially distinctive outfit, the women’s jingle dress, is made of cloth or leather and decorated with hundreds of small cones of shiny metal. The dress originated with Minnesota's Ojibwe, but is now worn by dancers throughout the U.S. The dress has specific dances associated with it -­ each step making the tiny jingles ring.
    Powwows also include "honor songs" sung for veterans or special groups, or to thank the hosts of the powwow. Sometimes an individual is recognized for personal accomplishment. Often the honored person is presented with a blanket or other gift, and may respond by giving a gift in return.
    The powwow is a wonderful event for children and adults to experience the music, dancing, and ritual of this distinctive Native American gathering. Be sure to join in the celebration at the next powwow. "


    *click the picture above for more pics
    {Photos by}

    Uploaded with


  • Some Powwow Etiquette March 25

  • " Watch, participate and learn at the Circle of Nations Powwow this weekend.
    Jake Robinson is a sophomore at the University of Minnesota, Morris and a coordinator of the event. He says everyone is invited to observe and under some circumstances participate at the 27th Annual Powwow.
    Robinson offered some tips on Powwow culture, ask first if you want to touch a dancer's outfit or take a picture, and watch how close you get to the drum circle.
    "You can approach a drum group to watch them but a risk you run is that they will ask you to sit down at the drum and lead them in a song so unless you have a traditional Powwow dance song to lead them in it's generally not a good idea to do that," says Robinson.
    There are over 200 American Indian students enrolled at U.M.M. from various Tribal Nations across the U.S. and Canada.
    Last year the Powwow broke attendance records with approximately 800 observers and more than 200 dancers.
    The doors open at the U.M.M. - P.E. center open at 11 a.m. with Grand Entries at 1 and 7 p.m.
    The 27th Annual CNIA Powwow is a one-day cultural celebration commencing the Annual World Touch Cultural Heritage Week."

    View the 27th Annual CNIA Powwow Photo Album on or from Sal's Photo


  • Join in a celebration of American Indian culture at the 26th Annual CNIA Powwow Posted by Tracy Peterson, Multi-Ethnic Student Program on Wednesday, Mar. 10, 2010
  • {2008}
    powwow morris, minnesota. teen fancy shawl

  • MARCH 29, 2008 24th Annual Circle of Nations Indian Association PE Center, University of Minnesota Morris, Minnesota Grand Entries: Saturday: 1pm and 6pm.
    Mike Miller 320-589-6094 Website:, directions
    CNIA 2007 Powwow, from
    CNIA Powwow celebrates, educates Posted by Judy Riley on Thursday, Mar. 30, 2006 Event Date/Time: Friday, Apr. 28, 2006 (UMM)
    "More than 55 dancers in full regalia and 14 drums gathered during the 22nd annual Circle of Nations Indian Association (CNIA) Powwow held at the University of Minnesota, Morris March 25. The event culminated the 33rd annual World Touch Heritage Week celebration at UMM. Northern Wind with UMM alumnus Gabe Desrosiers as the lead from the NorthWest Angle Reserve in Ontario, Canada, and the Buffalo Lake Singers with Gary HolyBull from Sisseton, S.D. were the host drums. Other drums included Young Guns, Leech Lake Nation, Mission Lake, Prairie Wind, Lil Earth, Red Storm, and Iyakapta. The event also included a drum contest and the selection of the second Miss CNIA-UMM, Marissa Mountain from the Upper Sioux Community.
    "The Powwow is a time to gather and celebrate our culture as well as to offer an educational opportunity for others," said Linsey McMurrin, president of the CNIA and a member of the Leech Lake Anishanabe. Nearly 25 student members of the CNIA now coordinate the event, which each year has welcomed dancers of all ages from Minnesota, the Dakotas and beyond. The event is held annually and is free and open to the public.
    UMM faculty members Julie Pelletier, anthropology, and Becca Gercken-Hawkins, English, were honored with star quilts "because of their contributions to the American Indian student community and specifically their diligent work on creating a Native American concentration major in the anthropology discipline," said event co-coordinator and UMM senior Dionne Crawford. "Star quilts were presented because they are significant nationwide as an honoring blanket by many groups of Native Americans. Years ago, a young woman had a dream about a healing blanket with a star on it, which is now depicted on our modern day star quilt. A song was sung in their honor, people shook their hands, told them thank you and danced behind them in support of their work." Crawford is a social science major from Sisseton, S.D. and is a member of the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate.
    "The star quilts are what the Dakota, Lakota, and other Plains people now use as an honorary gift, where in the past it might have been a buffalo robe," added Pelletier. "The Chippewa (Ojibwa) and other Woodland tribes like mine are more likely to give Pendleton wool blankets. Indians tend to celebrate important events in their lives by giving gifts instead of receiving gifts. Families often gather blankets and other gifts for a year before a major event, like graduation, a naming ceremony, wedding or the anniversary of a loved one's death. They always include a candy give-away for the little ones by pouring candy onto a blanket, which the kids then gather up."
    Gabe Desrosiers was also the arena director, Danny Seaboy from the Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate was the emcee, the Sisseton-Wahpeton Vietnam Veterans were the color guard, UMM Dakota language instructor Clifford Canku was the spiritual adviser and head singing judges were UMM students Leo Baker and Ronnie WhiteMountain.
    "There were many people who helped make the Powwow a success," added Crawford, "but I would like to mention Ron Kubik (UMM Media Services staff) who donated hours of his own time to operate the sound system. In addition, the UMM Black Student Union (BSU) and Imani student organizations donated money, and BSU members helped to clean up following the event." Other contributors for the event were the Chancellor's office, the Office of Student Activities, Gercken-Hawkins, alumna Dianne Desrosiers, and students Ed Isburg, Rose Jones and Estella Claymore who helped judge the Miss CNIA-UMM contest.
    Photo: Kinew Desrosiers (left), outgoing Miss CNIA-UMM, prepares for the grand entry during the March 25 Powwow. She is assisted by her mother Diane, who, along with her husband, Gabe, are UMM alumni from Browns Valley. [photo by Brian Williams, Morris Sun Tribune]"

    Powwow Morris MN 2010

    -Otter Tail County Museum in Fergus Falls, MN

    UMM Connections


  • Circle News, a native american news and arts monthly newspaper
  • *got this at the annual Pow Wow they do every year at UMM

    Social Issues


    Bridget Shares a Personal Story Part 1 of 3

    ""Growing up in a reservation (see Native/Indian) in Canada and getting out to sharing the Good News. This is the first of three parts of her amazing story from drunkness to sharing the goodness of what God can do to deliver others from this addiction.""

    Book NOW Available: "If Only the Road had been Round" by Bridget Harris Volden as told to Ruth Thielke Copyright @2009 $10 s/h contact Ruth Thielke at Growing up in a reservation in Canada and getting out to sharing the Good News. This is the first of three parts of her amazing story from drunkeness to sharing the goodness of what God can do to deliver others from this addiction. She shared this personal "miracle" testimony at Morris Community Church (thx Twig for video production) in Morris, Minnesota on Sunday, March 9th of 2008.


  • Wilma Mankiller, November 5 2003

  • Wilma shared about the need of more respect for Native American Indian women and her experience working for the rights for her Cherokee "family" and Native American Indian family overall through the values of the collectivist culture.

    West-Central Minnesota



    =>Pope County



  • One Heart Minisrty-For First Nation People
    1208 Latoka Dr Sw
    Alexandria, MN 56308
    (320) 460-0450 *referred by Vicki R. (April 12th 2011)


    Current News

  • Mdetawakan Sioux Oyate Wins Court Case (10/27/04), from US Courts

  • I first heard of this shooting last night while I was at work (group home), which I was very dissapointed and turned it off. I would later hear about the seriousness when I went home after work and had a long prayer for this situation the following morning with folks from my local church. I decided to do some "google" search=>

    Related Links:
    -Current News Coverage
    Seeking answers in shooting rampage John McIntyre, Star Tribune March 22, 2005 REDLAKE0323
    "The shooting ramapage by Jeff Weise, a 17-year-old student at Red Lake High School, on Monday killed his grandfather and his grandfather's wife and seven more people, at the school. "
    -Red Lake Nation's History
    F.B.I. says �foul play suspected� in Red Lake shooting death (12/01 Maquah, )
    -School Shootings
    School Shooting Map
    A Time Line of Recent Worldwide School Shootings, not just a problem in the U.S. (from


  • Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe Urban Workforce Center

  • 1433 E Franklin Ave., Suite 25 Minneapolis, MN 55408 Office: 612-746-4804 Fax: 612-870-3631
    *Shu Yang, an old-time to current friend of my younger bro, works here!



  • Smooth Feather

  • Documentary Recalls Killing Of 38 Dakota Warriors December 24, 2010 2:50 PM By MARK STEIL Minnesota Public Radio

  • "WORTHINGTON, Minn. (AP) — The largest mass execution in U.S. history occurred 148 years ago, when 38 Dakota warriors were hanged from a single scaffold in Mankato...
    Film: Dakota 38 Tuesday, March 27, 7 p.m. Edson Auditorium
    " This World Touch Cultural Heritage Week free event features guest speaker Jim Miller, Oglala Lakota. In the spring of 2005, Miller awoke from a dream in which 38 of his Dakota ancestors were hanged. At the time, he knew nothing of the largest mass execution in United States history ordered by President Abraham Lincoln on December 26, 1862, six days before he enacted the Emancipation Proclamation. "When you have dreams, you know when they come from the creator. As any recovered alcoholic, I made believe that I didn't get it. I tried to put it out of my mind, yet it's one of those dreams that bothers you night and day." Four years later, Miller and a group of riders decided to retrace the 330-mile route of his dream on horseback across the Great Plains to arrive at the hanging site in Mankato, Minnesota, on the anniversary of the execution. This is the story of their journey—the blizzards they endure, the communities that house and feed them along the way, and the dark history they are beginning to wipe away. A reception follows the screening in the Student Center's Oyate Hall, Cougar Room. Dakota 38 also opens the 2012 Mazinaatesijigan gekinoo'amaadiwin Film Series. ...

  • New documentary remembers largest mass execution in US history by Mark Steil, Minnesota Public Radio December 23, 2010

  • "Worthington, Minn. — The largest mass execution in U.S. history occurred 148 years ago, when 38 Dakota warriors were hanged from a single scaffold in Mankato.
    The shock waves of that mass execution still reverberate today among the Dakota people. A new documentary film remembers the 38, and also a group of Dakota who ride on horseback each year at this time to Mankato to commemorate the executions of Dec. 26, 1862.
    The U.S.-Dakota War played out along several all too familiar themes of U.S. history: broken treaties and unfulfilled promises. The war started in August of 1862 and when it was over six weeks later, hundreds of Indians, settlers and soldiers were dead along the Minnesota River valley.
    Filmmaker Silas Hagerty said his introduction to the war came five years ago. At a traditional sweat lodge ceremony, an Indian spiritual leader told Haggerty about his dream.
    Hagerty said the dream was of a journey.
    Lincoln's execution order
    "Riding on horseback across South Dakota and Minnesota, and arriving on the bank of a river in Minnesota, which he later discovered was Mankato," Hagerty said. "And in his dream he saw these 38 Dakota warriors, all hanged at the same time."
    The dream inspired an annual horseback ride from the Missouri River in South Dakota to Mankato to remember those executed. That journey, in turn, inspired Hagerty and his colleagues to honor both the modern day riders and those hanged in 1862.
    "We want to distribute the film as a gift," he said.
    Dakota 38 documents the ride to Mankato in 2008. It was a memorable trek, filled with blizzards but also warm greetings from small town residents along the way. In the movie, Indian spiritual leader Jim Miller describes his painful dream and its hold on him.
    "I tried to put it out of my mind," Miller said. "But it was one of them dreams that bothers you night and day."
    That moment captures the spiritual burden of the 1862 war for the Dakota. It's a burden that dominates the film.
    The conflict began over broken promises of food and other goods that the United States government made the Dakota in exchange for land. The fighting included battles at Fort Ridgely and New Ulm.
    When it was over, hundreds of Dakota fighters were arrested and sentenced to death, charged mainly with killing civilians. After pleas from Bishop Henry Whipple and others urging leniency, President Abraham Lincoln spared most of the accused, except for the 38 eventually hanged.
    The Dakota were evicted from Minnesota, sent to live on reservations in Nebraska and the Dakotas. Some ended up as far away as Canada. Hagerty said those events left scars.
    "There's a lot of historical trauma and it's talked about in the film," he said. "Where a lot of the Dakota men on the ride speak of this genetic depression that's passed from one generation to the next."
    The problems are evident in alcohol and drug addiction, suicides and family breakdowns among Native Americans. The film confronts the viewer with the damage those issues cause.
    At the end of Dakota 38, the filmmakers reveal that one of the young men featured in the film recently committed suicide.
    Dakota 38 co-director Sarah Weston, a member of the Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe, said the suicide is part of what she calls the 'historical grief' left over from the traumatic collision in the 1800's between Native Americans and white settlers.
    One of the film's messages, Weston said, is that the Dakota and other Indians should take a simple but difficult step: forgive the misdeeds of the past.
    "The past is really, really traumatic," Weston said. "But we're going to reach our hand out and say that we forgive. Because when you're not in a forgiveness place, you're linked to that person or that trauma for the rest of your life, all day long. And so by forgiving we're no longer linked to that."
    Weston and her colleagues hope the film will be finished and released next year. Right now they have a rough cut in hand, and they've been previewing it at several locations throughout the region, including along the route of this year's ride to Mankato. "
  • "Dakota 38" A Documentary project in Washington D.C., DC by Silas Hagerty
  • Media

  • Sulekha, classified for Minneapolis
  • Ministries

    Native American Christian Reconciliation Ministry

    "A video about the importance of reconciliation, understanding, true communication and meaningful dialog between cultures"

  • American Indian CDC

  • Ministry offers primary care for Native Americans and others in need by Scott Noble Published by Minnesota Christian Chronicle — August 2009
    "MINNEAPOLIS — Trauma and disruption can serve as powerful motivators—or more importantly, what God can do with that trauma and disruption.
    For Ken and Ginny McMillan (and their family), they were in the midst of these difficulties while serving as missionaries in the Congo. Ken grew up a missionary kid and spent time with his family as medical missionaries.
    Eventually, however, after three rebellions in the Congo, the family came back to the U.S. after 15 years. But not before Ken’s dad was killed in the second rebellion, a rebellion in which Ken was also injured. But this type of trauma taught Ken a valuable lesson: “I think God has led me through a path that has brought me close to Him, and has made me appreciate what God can do with all kinds of trauma, in all kinds of disruption.”
    Ministering to those in extremis
    And what God has instilled in McMillan through these crises is a willingness and desire to reach out to those in need. “I feel called and very much still motivated to reach out to people who are in extremis, that don’t have an answer, who are hopeless and who may actually be very much sidelined.”
    That calling led him to ministry with Native Americans when he returned from Africa. After McMillan and his family decided not to go back to the Congo, he was approached by Gordon Thayer of Overcomers Ministries to provide doctor services to Native Americans in Minneapolis.
    According to McMillan, there are approximately 22,000 Native Americans living in Minnesota. Some 60 percent live in urban areas, like the Twin Cities, and 40 percent live on reservations.
    After accepting Thayer’s invitation, McMillan became involved in a program called Kola, which means “friend” in the Lakota language. In addition to Lakota, McMillan sees men and women from 14 or 15 other tribes across Minnesota and upwards of 30 different tribes from across the country (those who may be traveling through the area).
    He administers “primary care, screening, treatment for small wounds, screening for depression, as well as things like blood pressure [checks], sugar (high glucose), and weight problems and chemical use,” he said. His office is located in a fairly large basement room of a high-rise, right off Franklin Avenue in Minneapolis.
    In addition, McMillan tries to get everyone into a local clinic; and if they do not have insurance, they try to get them on insurance.
    The program is funded mainly by grants from the government, but private donations also help, since patients can rarely afford the $3.00 it costs for a consultation—or even the dollar it takes for a prescription.
    Saving the county money
    Even though the program relies heavily on grants, the entire grant process doesn’t come without its difficulties. “We’ve actually had to appear in hearings at the country,” McMillan said, “just to point out how we’re saving them (the county) money. If a patient shows up at an emergency room, McMillan said, he or she will incur $500 to $800 in expenses. If the patient shows up at Kola, expenses run only $50.
    But with local, state and national governments trying to cut back on services because of the current economic conditions, it’s difficult for programs like Kola to get fully funded.
    Pointing people in the right direction
    In addition to treating and referring patients for physical issues, McMillan also helps patients with mental illness. “We know we’re not treating the biggest illnesses like schizophrenia and bipolar from the start, but certainly anxiety and depression—we can deal with that,” he said.
    McMillan has had patients who have appreciated just being able to talk during times of suicidal thoughts or depression. “We realize that by doing that (talking with them about their depression or suicidal thoughts), by voicing it, they are diffusing it. Asking them if they have a weapon or a plan. Some of them have told me they were just going to go down to the bridge and jump. And just by talking through it, it has helped.”
    And when a patient is struggling with depression or suicidal thoughts, McMillan often asks them about their source of spiritual help. If they say they don’t have any, “We offer to pray with them,” he said. “And they—almost to a person—will say, ‘Yes, please pray.’”
    McMillan then refers them to Gordon Thayer’s ministry, where counselors are ready to talk with those struggling.
    Forgotten people
    McMillan believes that Native Americans are a forgotten people. “I think that Native Americans in Minneapolis and perhaps in many other cities, too, and even on the reservations are ignored,” he said. “I don’t think people even ask them much about their spiritual state or their peace of mind.”
    An open door is what McMillan tells people to pray about. And he urges people to become involved in the lives of Native Americans. “I think somebody who is living either in their community or is working with them on a discipleship basis, Christians who are devoting time to the Bible study, to the sobriety dinner once a month, and then the treatment center”—these are the kinds of activities that will help swing open the door to further ministry.
    And that’s why McMillan devotes so much time to this ministry—for out of the trauma and disruption come lives influenced and guided by God’s plans.
    For more information on Kola and Ken McMillan’s ministry and how to help, visit or e-mail McMillan at"

  • Eagles Wings, serving youth
  • Wiconi International

    Below is a shared experience that I thought was an awesome personal testimony from Wiconi's founder:

    Background & History of First Nations Ministry Christianity -- The White Man' s Religion For many Native people, the gospel of Jesus Christ has not been good news, but bad. It is tragic that Christianity is seen as a threat to their cultural identity and traditional way of life. Jesus Christ Breaks Barriers As a Lakota born on South Dakota's Rosebud Reservation, Richard Twiss knows first-hand the hatred toward white people many Native people feel. He even went so far as to participate with the American Indian Movement (AIM) in the 1972 militant takeover and forced occupation of the offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, in Washington D.C. Today, however, Richard Twiss is a different person. "I am grateful to God that, like you, I have also experienced the inner transformation Jesus Christ produces in those who love him. As a Native man, I know the Spirit of God can break through the strongest lies that still keep our people separated from Christ." Challenges In the midst of the rich heritage and potential for First Nations people, there exist centuries-old obstacles and challenges. Less than 5% of Native people have a vital relationship with Christ. Many of our people suffer an alcoholism rate 10 times that of all other ethnic groups in the U.S. combined, teen suicide six times the national average, highest rates of unemployment in the land, severe economic hardships, and an average life expectancy for Native men of 47.


  • Famous Daves" Native American is an enrolled member of the Chippewa and Choctaw tribes and is the founder of Famous Dave�s of America, recognized as one of the Hottest Restaurant Concept�s in America by Nation�s Restaurant News"
  • Social Issues


  • American Indian Alcoholism,
  • Sports


  • Charles Albert Bender, from

  • "Born May 5, 1884 in Crow Wing County, MN "
    Charles Albert �Chief� Bender A Biographic Profile by Bob Warrington
    " Charles Albert �Chief� Bender was born on May 5th, 1883 at the White Earth Chippewa Indian Reservation, Brainerd, Minnesota. He was one of 13 children born to Mary Razor (Indian name: Pay shaw de o quay), who was of half Ojibwa (Chippewa) parentage, and Albert Bliss Bender, a homesteader-farmer of German-American descent.
    Bender attended the Lincoln Institution, a school for Indians and whites in Philadelphia, from ages 8 to 12, and then returned briefly to Minnesota. From 1898-1901, he was a student at he Carlisle Indian School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania playing baseball for the legendary Glen �Pop� Warner. A natural athlete, Bender also participated in football, basketball and track.
    In 1902, Bender attended Dickinson College (also in Carlisle) where he played baseball and football. That summer, Bender pitched for the semi-pro Harrisburg Athletic Club�earning $100.00 a month�and was discovered by Philadelphia Athletics� scout Jesse Frisinger. Connie Mack then signed Bender to a contract with the Philadelphia Athletics for $1,800 a year, the start of a 12-year relationship with the club. "

    "(May 5, 1884 1 - May 22, 1954) was a pitcher in Major League Baseball during the first two decades of the 20th century. He is also a member of the Baseball Hall of Fame.
    Bender was born in Crow Wing County, Minnesota as a member of the Ojibwa tribe - he faced discrimination throughout his career, not least of which was the stereotyped nickname ("Chief") by which he is almost exclusively known today. After graduating from Carlisle Indian Industrial School, Bender went on to a stellar career as a starting pitcher from 1903 to 1917, primarily with Connie Mack's Philadelphia Athletics (though with stints at the end of his career with the Baltimore Terrapins of the short-lived Federal League, the Philadelphia Phillies, and the Chicago White Sox).
    Over his career, his win-loss record was 212-127, for a .625 winning percentage (a category in which he would lead the American League in three seasons). His talent was even more noticeable in the high-pressure environment of the World Series: in five trips to the championship series, he managed six wins and a 2.44 ERA. In the 1911 Series, he pitched three complete games, which set the record for most complete games pitched in a six-game series. He also threw a no-hitter in 1910..."


    -Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe

  • Corporate Commission of the Mille Lacs Band

  • ATTN: Human Resources 700 Grand Ave. Onamia, MN 56359
    Serving Our Community,
    " The Mille Lacs Band tribal government taxes the Band’s casinos at 100 percent and uses the revenues to improve life for Band members and for its non-Indian neighbors in surrounding communities. The Band has invested in community infrastructure, economic development, and other benefits for the entire region... *my bro's friend (Shu) worked at An urban office and workforce center in Minneapolis

    God of this City - White Earth Indian Reservation Gaa-waabaabiganikaag

    "Uploaded on Feb 24, 2009
    For the past five years, I've been working with a non-profit Christian organization, called Hope for the First Nations, based out of Springfield, IL. Our mission statement is as follows: "Partnering with the people of the White Earth Reservation, Hope for the First Nations is building unity through relationships with individuals in the community and sharing the love of Christ in culturally relevant ways."
    To visit us:
    God of this City - Chris Tomlin "

    White Earth Cass Lake Mission Trip 09


  • Native American Youth Ministries
  • Nation-GoodnewsUSA


  • Native American Animal Symbols, from

  • Native American Animal Symbols - Who are They, What do They Mean and Why, from

  • "..animal symbols and their totems represent the physical form of one's spirit helper - his or her guardian or guide...


  • Bunky Echo-Hawk

  • "... is a multi-talented artist whose work spans both media and lifestyle. A graduate of the Institute of American Indian Arts, he is a fine artist, graphic designer, photographer, writer and a non-profit professional. He is also a traditional singer and dancer...
    Bunky Echo Hawk





  • Mainstream Hollywood Actors with Native Ancestry

  • Johnny Depp Fan Site


    Pocahontas From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    "..(c.1595 – March 21, 1617) was a Virginia Indian princess notable for having assisted colonial settlers at Jamestown in present-day Virginia. She was converted to Christianity and married the English settler John Rolfe. After they traveled to London, she became famous in the last year of her life. She was a daughter of Wahunsunacawh, better known as Chief or Emperor Powhatan (to indicate his primacy), who headed a network of tributary tribal nations in the Tidewater region of Virginia (called Tenakomakah by the Powhatan). These tribes made up what is known as the Powhatan Chiefdom and were part of the Algonquian language family.[1]...
    After her baptism, Pocahontas was given the English name Rebecca. She was called Rebecca Rolfe by the English after her marriageIn 1609, an injury from a gunpowder explosion forced Smith to return to England for medical care. The English told the natives that Smith was dead. Pocahontas believed that account until she learned that he was living in England when she traveled there several years later, already the wife of John Rolfe.[16]
    According to 17th-century historian William Strachey, Pocahontas married a Powhatan warrior called Kocoum at some point before 1612. Nothing more is known about this marriage.[17]
    Historical records do not suggest that Smith and Pocahontas were lovers. The romance is featured only (but repeatedly) in fictional versions of their relationship (such as the 1995 animated film by Walt Disney ). The first romance was written about them in the early 1800s, suggesting the story's mythic appeal. Accounts of such a romance have been repeated in films made in the United States as late as 2005....

    " Capture
    ..When two English colonists began trading with the Patawomec, they discovered Pocahontas. With the help of Japazaws, they tricked Pocahontas into captivity. They intended to hold her to ransom and release her in exchange for English prisoners held by Chief Powhatan, along with various weapons and tools stolen by the Powhatan.[18] Powhatan returned the prisoners, but failed to satisfy the colonists with the number of weapons and tools he returned. A long standoff ensued, during which the English kept Pocahontas captive.
    During the year-long wait, she was held at Henricus, in modern-day Chesterfield County, Virginia. Little is known about her life there, although colonist Ralph Hamor wrote that she received "extraordinary courteous usage."[19] The minister Alexander Whitaker taught her about Christianity and helped her to improve her English. After she was baptized, Pocahontas took the English name "Rebecca".[20]
    In March 1614, the standoff built up to a violent confrontation between hundreds of English and Powhatan men on the Pamunkey River. At the Powhatan town of Matchcot, the English encountered a group of some senior Powhatan leaders (but not Chief Powhatan, who was away). The English permitted Pocahontas to talk to her countrymen. Pocahontas reportedly rebuked her father for valuing her "less than old swords, pieces, or axes," and told the Powhatan she preferred to live with the English.[21]..


  • Indian Hills Community Church, located in a Native American Indian community in Lincoln, Nebraska

  • *met Matt, a church attendee, who was visiting his friend Heather (friend of Sunny's) in Morris at Common Cup on Tuesday, March 15th of 2005


    Turtle Island Project: Respect Indigenous Peoples, Nature

    "Turtle Island Project: Respect for Indigenous Peoples, Environment Video #14 Turtle Island Project The Turtle Island Project in northern Michigan was founded in July 2007 by two Midwest pastors who believe the future of mankind and world is at a crossroads. Rev. Dr. Lynn Hubbard and Rev. Dr. George Cairns believe that Christians could learn a lot about nature and the environment by listening to Earth-based cultures like Native Americans, Celts, and other Indigenous peoples. .."
    *see Science: Environment
    -South Dakota
    Let It Rain

    "A vision of hope for the children of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. Music by Michael W. Smith. Primary video from "The Passion A vision of hope for the children of the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. Music by Michael W. Smith. Primary video from "The Passion Of The Christ". Pictures from mission projects of the Winton Road Church of God. Guest appearance by CJ Sparrow."


  • Older Than America", official site

  • "... a film by Georgina Lightning "The movie Older than America is a very powerful story that many people are unaware of. It is so much more than entertainment, it is history. ..."

    *see Religious: Catholic, Catholicism, etc.., LA: Psychology-Psychiatrist, Behavior, Counseling, Mentally, Mind-Control, etc..etc...,
    Older Than America - Movie Interview - Georgina Lightning , from
    "OLDER THAN AMERICA is the story of one woman's journey of discovery and her desire to understand the dark secrets of her family and her people's history in order to reconcile their past, forgive and have strength to move on. OLDER THAN AMERICA was directed by Cree Indian actress turned Director Georgina Lightning and stars Georgina"
    *see Health Issues-Broken, Depression, Lonely, Sad, Suicidal, etc..

    Related Sites:
    Indian Boarding School Abuse

    "Lakota woman Joanne Tall describes the abuse she received as a 12 year old girl in a "christian" boarding school."
    *see Issues: Abused-Child, Domestic, Physically, Sexually, Verbal, etc...


    Apology for Abuses at US Indian Schools-Petition

  • Boarding School Apology Initiative Grassroots Strategy A Message from Don Coyhis

  • "...Much has happened to Native American people over the last 500 years. Our loss has been great and the pain that remains for us as the result of these happenings is even greater
    . In 2009, White Bison made a 7000-mile journey across the United States, visiting 24 boarding school sites and recording the stories of the Elders who attended these schools. The stories were unbelievable. We now know that what was done to the children in these boarding schools is directly tied to the social issues we are currently experiencing in our communities. We call this Intergenerational Trauma. The Elders told us we would not be free from this trauma unless we could forgive the unforgivable. The name of the 7000-mile journey was the Journey of Forgiveness. We were told that our last test will be forgiveness. We were also given a Four Directions teaching…Recognize, Acknowledge, Forgive, and Change. We need to recognize what the trauma is, acknowledge that it happened, then forgive and change.
    The Wellbriety Movement is over 20 years old and we have developed a number of culture-based trainings. What is surfacing all over our Turtle Island is the issue of Historical Trauma. The acknowledgement from the United States Government of its role in sponsoring the boarding schools will make our healing accelerate. There is now a law signed by President Obama in 2009 that acknowledges the need for a public apology (H.R. 3326, Section 8113)...
    Now YOU can help have this Apology presented publicly to Native people by writing to your Senator and Congress persons. We have created a form letter that you may send online by e mail to your Senator or Congress person. We have also produced a sheet of instructions about how you may do this right from your computer, right now. We have also copied the entire text of H.R. 3326, Section 8113, which is the Apology, for you to read.
    Please download all three documents and send the form letter to your Senators and Congress person so that we, as Native Americans, may finally receive the Justice of this Apology.
    When you send the form letter to your Senator or Congress person would you do the following?
    Send an e mail to with your name, address and phone number. In the subject line place these words: Letter Sent.
    This will help us keep track of the number of letters urging the Apology to become public. Thank you!



    Radioactive Nuclear Waste Cleanup in Washington Video PSA

    "The highly radioactive nuclear waste at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation on the Columbia River in southcentral Washington state could be cleaned up at least 35 years faster than originally estimated, due to an agreement reached between two federal agencies and the state of Washington. The waste is the legacy of 45 years of nuclear weapons production. It amounts to about 60 percent of all the high-level nuclear waste in the United States. Drawing on the ideas that emerged from a year-long partnership with its contractors and state and federal regulators, DOE developed a plan for cleanup that dramatically reduces risks to people and the environment. Creative Commons license: Public Domain."

  • Environmental Racism, Tribal Sovereignty and Nuclear Waste

  • "...Nevadans and Utahans living downwind and downstream from nuclear weapons testing, uranium mining, and radioactive waste dumping have suffered immensely during the Nuclear Age. But even in the "nuclear sacrifice zones" of the desert Southwest, it is Native Americans--from Navajo uranium miners to tribal communities targeted with atomic waste dumps-- who have borne the brunt of both the front and back ends of the nuclear fuel cycle. ..
    Hanford Site From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    " a mostly decommissioned nuclear production complex on the Columbia River in the U.S. state of Washington, operated by the United States federal government. The site has been known by many names, including Hanford Works, Hanford Engineer Works or HEW, Hanford Nuclear Reservation or HNR, and the Hanford Project. Established in 1943 as part of the Manhattan Project in the town of Hanford in south-central Washington, the site was home to the B Reactor, the first full-scale plutonium production reactor in the world.[1] Plutonium manufactured at the site was used in the first nuclear bomb, tested at the Trinity site, and in Fat Man, the bomb detonated over Nagasaki, Japan. During the Cold War, the project was expanded to include nine nuclear reactors and five large plutonium processing complexes, which produced plutonium for most of the 60,000 weapons in the U.S. nuclear arsenal.[2][3] Nuclear technology developed rapidly during this period, and Hanford scientists produced many notable technological achievements. Many of the early safety procedures and waste disposal practices were inadequate, and government documents have since confirmed that Hanford's operations released significant amounts of radioactive materials into the air and the Columbia River, which threatened the health of residents and ecosystems.[4] The weapons production reactors were decommissioned at the end of the Cold War, but the decades of manufacturing left behind 53 million US gallons (200,000 m3) of high-level radioactive waste (tank waste);[5] an additional 25 million cubic feet (710,000 m3) of solid radioactive waste, most of it buried; 200 square miles (520 km2) of contaminated groundwater beneath the site, with the potential to leach into the Columbia;[6] and occasional discoveries of undocumented contaminations that slow the pace and raise the cost of cleanup.[7]..
    Environmental concerns
    The plutonium separation process also resulted in the release of radioactive isotopes into the air, which were carried by the wind throughout southeastern Washington and into parts of Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and British Columbia.[4] Downwinders were exposed to radionuclides, particularly iodine-131, with the heaviest releases during the period from 1945 to 1951. These radionuclides filtered into the food chain via contaminated fields where dairy cows grazed; hazardous fallout was ingested by communities who consumed the radioactive food and drank the milk. Most of these airborne releases were a part of Hanford's routine operations, while a few of the larger releases occurred in isolated incidents. In 1949, an intentional release known as the "Green Run" released 8,000 curies of iodine-131 over two days.[47] Another source of contaminated food came from Columbia River fish, an impact felt disproportionately by Native American communities who depended on the river for their customary diets.[4] A U.S. government report released in 1992 estimated that 685,000 curies of radioactive iodine-131 had been released into the river and air from the Hanford site between 1944 and 1947.[48..

    Ethnic/Tribe Focus

  • Cherokee NationOklahoma based
  • Lakhota Sioux, South Dakota based

  • Sioux Nation: Lakota & Dakota
  • Salishan, from Wikipedia

  • *met Malee from Spokanne, WA
  • Federally Recognized American Indian Tribes, from indiancircle
  • Events

  • What is a Pow Wow?,

  • " the Native American people’s way of meeting together, to join in dancing, singing, visiting, renewing old friendships and make new ones.
    This is a time to renew thought of the old ways and to preserve a rich heritage. There are several different stories of how the Pow Wow was started. Some believe that the war dance societies of the Ponca and other Southern Plains tribes were the origin of the Pow Wow.
    Another belief is that when the Native Americans were forced onto reservations the government also forced them to have dances for the public to come and see. Before each dance they were lead through the town in a parade,which is the beginning of the Grand Entry...

    Teddy Redsun - At The Pow Wow - Music Videos

    Gospel Tips

  • How to Minister to Natives, from Fern Cloud Chief Eagle
  • Government

    *see LA- Archaeology, History, etc...

    "Jesus said, "Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing."-Luke 23:34

  • Were American Indians the Victims of Genocide? 11-22-04 By Guenter Lewy

  • "....fact that Europeans did not come to the New World in order to infect the natives with deadly diseases.
    Or did they? Ward Churchill, taking the argument a step further than Stannard, asserts that there was nothing unwitting or unintentional about the way the great bulk of North America’s native population disappeared: "it was precisely malice, not nature, that did the deed." In brief, the Europeans were engaged in biological warfare.
    Unfortunately for this thesis, we know of but a single instance of such warfare, and the documentary evidence is inconclusive. In 1763, a particularly serious uprising threatened the British garrisons west of the Allegheny mountains. Worried about his limited resources, and disgusted by what he saw as the Indians’ treacherous and savage modes of warfare, Sir Jeffrey Amherst, commander-in-chief of British forces in North America, wrote as follows to Colonel Henry Bouquet at Fort Pitt: "You will do well to try to inoculate the Indians [with smallpox] by means of blankets, as well as to try every other method, that can serve to extirpate this execrable race."...
    On or around June 24, two traders at Fort Pitt did give blankets and a handkerchief from the fort’s quarantined hospital to two visiting Delaware Indians, and one of the traders noted in his journal: "I hope it will have the desired effect." Smallpox was already present among the tribes of Ohio; at some point after this episode, there was another outbreak in which hundreds died.
    A second, even less substantiated instance of alleged biological warfare concerns an incident that occurred on June 20, 1837. On that day, Churchill writes, the U.S. Army began to dispense "'trade blankets' to Mandans and other Indians gathered at Fort Clark on the Missouri River in present-day North Dakota." He continues: Far from being trade goods, the blankets had been taken from a military infirmary in St. Louis quarantined for smallpox, and brought upriver aboard the steamboat St. Peter’s. When the first Indians showed symptoms of the disease on July 14, the post surgeon advised those camped near the post to scatter and seek "sanctuary" in the villages of healthy relatives.
    In this way the disease was spread, the Mandans were "virtually exterminated," and other tribes suffered similarly devastating losses. Citing a figure of "100,000 or more fatalities" caused by the U.S. Army in the 1836-40 smallpox pandemic (elsewhere he speaks of a toll "several times that number"), Churchill refers the reader to Thornton’s American Indian Holocaust and Survival.
    Supporting Churchill here are Stiffarm and Lane, who write that "the distribution of smallpox- infected blankets by the U.S. Army to Mandans at Fort Clark . . . was the causative factor in the pandemic of 1836-40." In evidence, they cite the journal of a contemporary at Fort Clark, Francis A. Chardon....
    To sum up, European settlers came to the New World for a variety of reasons, but the thought of infecting the Indians with deadly pathogens was not one of them.

    *see Science: Biology, Animals, Biological Warfare, etc...

    "4Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. 5It is not rude, it is not self-seeking, it is not easily angered, it keeps no record of wrongs. 6Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. 7It always protects, always trusts, always hopes, always perseveres. 8Love never fails...."-1 Corinthians 13


  • Resolution of Apology to Native Americans, from

  • Brownback introduces Native Apology

    "Senator Sam Brownback spearheads a formal apology to Native Americans. "

    FWD: E-mail
    Date: Sat, 23 Feb 2008 16:05:23 -0500 (EST)
    From: "Rick H
    Subject: Resolution of Apology to Native Americans

    "Dear Minnesota Intercessors:
    Please see this update on the Resolution of Apology to Native Americans that is making progress in the Senate. This is a major development. I know many of you have been praying for this for the past couple of years; please continue to keep this Resolution before God's throne. Passive of this Resolution will be historic for our nation, both naturally and spiritually.
    Senator Brownback of Kansas has worked tirelessly to get this bill passed since 2004. I'm sure he would be blessed to receive a not expressing your thanks for his persistent efforts to pass this critical piece of legislation.
    Rick Heeren
    Apostolic Leader, USAGPN-MN

    Senator Sam Brownback today applauded passage of an amendment to the Indian Health Care Bill offering an official apology from the United States federal government to Native Americans. Senator Brownback has been calling for an apology since 2004. With this apology, the federal government can repair and improve our relationship with Native Americans, said Brownback. While we cannot erase the past, this amendment hopefully helps heal the wounds that have divided America for too long. The Indian Health Care Bill is being debated on the Senate floor this week. Brownback's resolution, which had 13 co-sponsors, and passed tonight by voice vote as an amendment, recognizes the impact of destructive federal policies in the past toward Native Americans and is intended to facilitate reconciliation and healing. Brownback continued, Our nation's relationship with the Native peoples of this land is an issue that is very important to the health of the United States. For too much of our history, Federal-Tribal relations have been marked by broken treaties, mistreatment, and dishonorable dealings. We can acknowledge our past failures, express sincere regrets, and establish a brighter future for all Americans. This amendment does not diminish the valiance of our American soldiers who fought bravely for their families in wars between the United States and a number of the Indian Tribes. Nor does this amendment cast the blame for the various battles on one side or another. What this apology does do is recognize and honor the importance of Native Americans to this land and to our nation in the past and today and offers this apology to Native peoples for the poor and painful choices our government sometimes made to disregard its solemn word. Hopefully, this apology will help restore the relationship between the United States and Native Americans.

    Sam Brownback
    United States Senator - Kansas
    303 Hart Senate Office Building
    Washington, DC 20510
    (202) 224-6521

    CNN: Brownback on Native American Apology Resolution , from
    Native American Apology

    "Natives Americans deserve an apology for the abuse they have suffered throughout history and today. Visit my website at: there you will find links to my petition site where you can sign. You can also go to and search Petition to US Government for an Apology to Native Americans."


    Reconsider Columbus Day 2010

  • "******************** Examining the Reputation of Columbus An Essay by Jack Weatherford - Baltimore Sun, October 6, 1989 ....
    ..Columbus decided to pay for his voyage in the one important commodity he had found in ample supply — human lives. He seized 1,200 Taino Indians from the island of Hispaniola, crammed as many onto his ships as would fit, and sent them to Spain, where they were paraded naked through the streets of Seville and sold as slaves in 1495. Columbus tore children from their parents, husbands from wives. On board Columbus' slave ships, hundreds died; the sailors tossed the Indian bodies into the Atlantic. ..
    Because Columbus captured more Indian slaves than he could transport to Spain in his small ships, he put them to work in mines and plantations which he, his family, and followers created throughout the Caribbean. His marauding band hunted Indians for sport and profit — beating, raping, torturing, killing, and then using the Indian bodies as food for their hunting dogs. Within four years of Columbus' arrival on Hispaniola, his men had killed or exported one-third of the original Indian population of 300,000. ....
    Mon, 9 Oct 2006
    From: Andre Cramblit
    It's Columbus Day - What are we celebrating for?
    "We shall take you and your wives, and your children, and shall make slaves of them, and we shall take away your goods, and shall do you all the mischief and damage that we can, and we protest that the deaths and losses which shall accrue from this are your fault ." - Christopher Columbus
    ober children in classrooms around the nation will dutifully recite their Columbus Day "facts": the ships ("the NiZa, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria."), the year ("In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue..."), and even the fruit that the explorer thought best resembled the Earth (that would be the orange ). Our national leaders take time out of their busy schedules - raising money and covering up scandals - to commemorate the man who "found" America. ...

  • Columbus, Genocide, & Land Theft by "Discovery" by: winter rabbit Mon Oct 13, 2008 at 14:47:29 PM PDT

  • History

    (part 4a) Indigenous Native American History 101

  • American Indian Bigographies, from
  • Lewis Clarke's contacts w/50 tribes, a PBS link
  • Native Americans, history
  • Tribal Index, 80 western native american tribes historically documented in 20 volumes
  • History of Native American Indians, Documentary - Pt. 1/4


  • Native American Indian Tribes & Languages
  • Military


  • Official Site of the Navajo Code Talkers

  • "..Known as Navajo Code Talkers, they were young Navajo men who transmitted secret communications on the battlefields of WWII. At a time when America's best cryptographers were falling short, these modest sheepherders and farmers were able to fashion the most ingenious and successful code in military history. They drew upon their proud warrior tradition to brave the dense jungles of Guadalcanal and the exposed beachheads of Iwo Jima. Serving with distinction in every major engagement of the Pacific theater from 1942-1945, their unbreakable code played a pivotal role in saving countless lives and hastening the war's end."
    Windtalkers Trailer

    Windtalkers From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    "a 2002 action war film directed by John Woo. Nicolas Cage and Christian Slater star as two US Marine sergeants assigned to protect Navajo code talkers (Adam Beach and Roger Willie) in Saipan during World War II." Navajo Code Talkers: World War II Fact Sheet, from
    "Guadalcanal, Tarawa, Peleliu, Iwo Jima: the Navajo code talkers took part in every assault the U.S. Marines conducted in the Pacific from 1942 to 1945. They served in all six Marine divisions, Marine Raider battalions and Marine parachute units, transmitting messages by telephone and radio in their native language a code that the Japanese never broke.
    The idea to use Navajo for secure communications came from Philip Johnston, the son of a missionary to the Navajos and one of the few non-Navajos who spoke their language fluently. Johnston, reared on the Navajo reservation, was a World War I veteran who knew of the military's search for a code that would withstand all attempts to decipher it. He also knew that Native American languages notably Choctaw had been used in World War I to encode messages.
    Johnston believed Navajo answered the military requirement for an undecipherable code because Navajo is an unwritten language of extreme complexity. Its syntax and tonal qualities, not to mention dialects, make it unintelligible to anyone without extensive exposure and training. It has no alphabet or symbols, and is spoken only on the Navajo lands of the American Southwest. One estimate indicates that less than 30 non-Navajos, none of them Japanese, could understand the language at the outbreak of World War II.
    Early in 1942, Johnston met with Major General Clayton B. Vogel, the commanding general of Amphibious Corps, Pacific Fleet, and his staff to convince them of the Navajo language's value as code. Johnston staged tests under simulated combat conditions, demonstrating that Navajos could encode, transmit, and decode a three-line English message in 20 seconds. Machines of the time required 30 minutes to perform the same job. Convinced, Vogel recommended to the Commandant of the Marine Corps that the Marines recruit 200 Navajos.
    In May 1942, the first 29 Navajo recruits attended boot camp. Then, at Camp Pendleton, Oceanside, California, this first group created the Navajo code. They developed a dictionary and numerous words for military terms. The dictionary and all code words had to be memorized during training.
    Once a Navajo code talker completed his training, he was sent to a Marine unit deployed in the Pacific theater. The code talkers' primary job was to talk, transmitting information on tactics and troop movements, orders and other vital battlefield communications over telephones and radios. They also acted as messengers, and performed general Marine duties.
    Praise for their skill, speed and accuracy accrued throughout the war. At Iwo Jima, Major Howard Connor, 5th Marine Division signal officer, declared, "Were it not for the Navajos, the Marines would never have taken Iwo Jima." Connor had six Navajo code talkers working around the clock during the first two days of the battle. Those six sent and received over 800 messages, all without error.
    The Japanese, who were skilled code breakers, remained baffled by the Navajo language. The Japanese chief of intelligence, Lieutenant General Seizo Arisue, said that while they were able to decipher the codes used by the U.S. Army and Army Air Corps, they never cracked the code used by the Marines. The Navajo code talkers even stymied a Navajo soldier taken prisoner at Bataan. (About 20 Navajos served in the U.S. Army in the Philippines.) The Navajo soldier, forced to listen to the jumbled words of talker transmissions, said to a code talker after the war, "I never figured out what you guys who got me into all that trouble were saying."
    In 1942, there were about 50,000 Navajo tribe members. As of 1945, about 540 Navajos served as Marines. From 375 to 420 of those trained as code talkers; the rest served in other capacities.
    Navajo remained potentially valuable as code even after the war. For that reason, the code talkers, whose skill and courage saved both American lives and military engagements, only recently earned recognition from the Government and the public....


  • Christianity-X, Native links
  • Movies


    American Indian Film Festival, Wes Studi

    "Wes Studi takes home the award for "Best Actor " for his performance in "The Only Good Indian" directed by Kevin Wilmott, at the 34th annual American Indian Motion Picture Awards Show, Saturday November 14th, at the Palace of Fine Arts, San Francisco, CA. Check our website for more information on the American Indian Film Festival. Thank you for your support!"

    Dances With Wolves Trailer HD

    "Lt. John Dunbar is dubbed a hero after he accidentally leads Union troops to a victory during the Civil War. He requests a position on the western frontier, but finds it deserted. He soon finds out he is not alone, but meets a wolf he dubs "Two-socks" and a curious Indian tribe. Dunbar quickly makes friends with the tribe, and discovers a white woman who was raised by the Indians. He gradually earns the respect of these native people, and sheds his white-man's ways."

  • Skins, story on Pine Ridge (post Sitting Bull or Custard battle)

  • Reviews: (1-native arts)

  • Smoke Signals

  • Smoke Signals - How Do We Forgive Our Fathers?

    "Thomas' speech at the end of "Smoke Signals." The poem is by Dick Lourie.

    How do we forgive our Fathers?
    Maybe in a dream
    Do we forgive our Fathers for leaving us too often or forever
    when we were little?

    Maybe for scaring us with unexpected rage
    or making us nervous
    because there never seemed to be any rage there at all.

    Do we forgive our Fathers for marrying or not marrying our Mothers?
    For Divorcing or not divorcing our Mothers?

    And shall we forgive them for their excesses of warmth or coldness?
    Shall we forgive them for pushing or leaning
    for shutting doors
    for speaking through walls
    or never speaking
    or never being silent?

    Do we forgive our Fathers in our age or in theirs or their deaths
    saying it to them or not saying it?

    If we forgive our Fathers what is left?
    *see Forgiveness...

  • DreamKeeper (2003) (TV) More at IMDbPro », from

  • "...A grandfather who believes in tradition. A teenager who believes in today. Plot: In South Dakota, in an Indian reservation, an old storyteller Indian asks his grandson Shane, who is in trouble owing money to some bad guys... See more » ....
    Dreamkeeper - She Crosses The Water & The Thunder Spirit part 1

    " Mohawk legend from movie Dreamkeeper"
    Dreamkeeper From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    " a 2003 mini-series written by John Fusco and directed by Steve Barron. The main plot of the film is the conflict between a Lakota elder and storyteller named Pete Chasing Horse (August Schellenberg) and his Lakota grandson, Shane Chasing Horse (Eddie Spears). The plots unwinds as the two travel from Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota to the fictitious All Nations powwow in Albuquerque, New Mexico, a trip the grandson takes only under duress. Along the way, the grandfather tells his grandson various Indian stories and legends to help him understand and choose the "good red road," i.e. to embrace an Indian identity...
    Kiowa From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    "...(pronounced /ˈkaɪ.ɵwə/) are a nation of American Indians who migrated from the Northern Plains to their present location in Southwestern Oklahoma. They are a federally recognized tribe, the Kiowa Tribe of Oklahoma, with over 11,500 members..



  • The Plateros, personal myspace site
  • "Plateros" Native American Blues Band

    "A Native American Blues Band from the Eastern Agency of the Navajo Nation, with 14 year old guitar player Levi Platero with his family band. To learn more please view site at: "
    Calling Out Your Name - Rich Mullins

    I feel thunder in the sky
    I see the sky about to rain
    And I hear the prairies calling out Your name "

    ♫ Rich Mullens - "Creed" -- REMIX ♫

    I believe in God the Father

    Almighty Maker of Heaven and Maker of Earth
    And in Jesus Christ His only begotten Son, our Lord
    He was conceived by the Holy Spirit
    Born of the virgin Mary
    Suffered under Pontius Pilate
    He was crucified and dead and buried

    Homeless Man: Rich Mullins Part 1

    "This is Part 1 of 6 of the Video: Homeless Man. It is a reflection on the life of Rich Mullins. "
    *see Social Issues: Needy, Poverty, Poor, etc...
    Rich Mullins - Elijah (1986), from
    Rich Mullins Hold me Jesus, from
    A Love that Knows No Bounds - Rich Mullins, from
    These Days - Rich Mullins (1983), from
    We Are Not As Strong As We Think We Are, from
    Rich Mullins Concert Part #1

    "This is the start of a concert that Rich Mullins did in Lufkin Texas. Some excerpts from this concert made it to the homeless man video also available on You Tube. This was the last concert tour that he did before he passed on."
  • Bill Miller

  • U-MV154 - Bill Miller - Trail of Freedom

    "his music video was serviced to us by its respective record label with license for broadcast.
    Bill Miller "Trail of Freedom"
    Director: Bob Burwell
    Warner Bros. Records The Mastering Studio 3300 Warner Blvd. Burbank, CA 91505
    U-MV154 "

    Broken Walls: Sing to the Mountains

    -Hip Hop
  • Red Cloud, hip-hop artist from California

  • *performed in Morris' Common Cup Coffeehouse as part of the first week of classes celebration for the local college campus-UMM. I met him for the first time at a youth-outreach event called, "See You At the Party" in Alexandria in Dec. 31s of 2003.
    Red Cloud, Go All Out! on

    " artist, Red Cloud hits the hip hop scene with new album, "HMW", music and a new music video! Go All Out!"
    Related Sites:
    RedCloud - "Battlestar Galactic", from
  • Douglas Spotted Eagle Homepage, official site

  • Great Spirit Prayer - Douglas Spotted Eagle - Native American

    "Great Spirit Prayer - Douglas Spotted Eagle - Native American "
    *heard about this group after watching a VHS recorded 2001 Grammy Awards this evening (Friday, February 13th of 2009)
    43rd Annual Grammy Award-Nominations for Best Native American Music
    "The National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, (NARAS) has completed it's first round of votes. The "Gathering of Nations Powwow" 1999 has been selected as one of the finalist recordings for the voting! The final ballots will go out to the more than 10,000 members of NARAS, who will submit their final choices. On the night of February 21, we'll know who will be the winner of the first ever Native American Grammy!! Other nominees in this category are:"
    Our Statement April 23, 2001
    -Tom Bee (thanked "greatest warrior "Lord Savior Jesus Christ" in 01' Grammys)
    Red Sea Ministries
    "Evangelists Vicki and Tom Bee are both actively involved in Red Sea Ministries. As a result, they have ministered at numerous prison facilities as well as churches of every denomination. The Bee's have traveled throughout North America to countless camp meetings, tent revivals, and reservations. In addition, their ministry has taken them to the harvest fields of both Mexico and Canada. In 2001, Tom Bee received his first Grammy Award as producer before a worldwide audience of millions. In his acceptance speech, Tom humbly gave all the glory to "The Greatest Warrior" of all---the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ! In 2004, Tom once again was blessed by God and received a second Grammy Award. Tom and Vicki have appeared on TBN, CBN 700 Club, the Jim Bakker show, God's learning channel, and an untold amount of local and regional television programs. In 2003 Tom performed on the Native American portion of the Promise Keepers "Come Near to Me" Pastor's Conference at the Diamondback baseball stadium in Phoenix Arizona. Vicki has been invited to speak at several women's conferences and Tom has preached and sung at numerous men's conferences. Although they have love for people of every creed. color, and background, their hearts are first and foremost for the First Nations people. Therefore, Tom and Vicki are adamantly committed to bringing the message of Jesus Christ to this forgotten and often ignored mission field. "
    Native American Flute Amazing Grace by Jay Red Eagle

    "This is my all time favorite Native American flute song Amazing Grace by Native American flutist of the year, Jay Red Eagle."
  • Amazing Grace, an Cherokee National Anthem (see Negro Spiritual) sang during the "Trail of Tears"
    "This hymn was written in 1779 by John Newton who, until his early 20's, was an unbeliever. A decade later he had become a devout preacher. The tune was known as "an early American Melody" and became a favorite of the Cherokees. It was sung on the Trail of Tears and can be considered the Cherokee National anthem."
    Related Sites:
    Cherokee, from Wikipedia


  • Native American Spirituality, article
  • Restaurants

  • Hard Rock Cafe

  • Hard Rock Cafe sold to Native Americans, from CNN-Money (12/7/06)
    " The Seminole tribe of Florida to pay $965 million to Britain's Rank Group for restaurant and casino business."


  • Oglala Lakota College, in South Dakota
  • Science


    Eugenics, Population Control and Global Totalitarianism (Part 4 of 5)

    Social Issues

    Part 1: MI Native American Roundtable covered many issues

    "Racism, poverty, teen suicide on reservations, the derogatory perversion of American Indian names on Minnesota rivers and other locations across the country, and learning respect for the environment from Earth-based cultures were among the topics discussed at a Native American Roundtable held Sept 13-15, 2007 in northern Michigan."


  • Alcohol


  • Ron and Alpha Goombi: Missionaries to America This couple is bringing spiritual hope to Native American reservations. From On Mission, from Christianity Today Today's Christian, July/August 2004 (July/August 2004, Vol. 42, No. 4, Page 23)

  • "Alpha Goombi wanted to be the first Native American actress to win an Academy Award. Her husband Ron wanted to be a successful businessman. God had a different plan.
    Today Ron Goombi (pronounced goom-BYE) is the director of the Omaha Baptist Center and pastor of All Nations Church, and he and Alpha are using their talents to reach Native American tribes in inner-city Omaha and on three Indian reservations in Nebraska and South Dakota.
    Natives of Oklahoma, Ron is of Kiowa/Choctaw descent, and Alpha is Kiowa/Apache.
    "Our background helps get our foot in the door, but beyond that, people watch us to make sure our Christian testimony is real," says Ron.
    Although Ron became a Christian as a child, Alpha did not accept Christ until age 27. Her family faced many of the same obstacles as Native Americans do today-sexual abuse, poverty, alcohol, and prejudice.
    "I had a very painful life before my conversion, and I am able to share truthfully with people who are lost and hurting," Alpha says. "I want to serve God because of what He's done in my life."
    The Goombis have been successful in leading many from the tribes out of alcoholism and poverty. As much as 65 percent of the people on the Omaha Reservation are unemployed, and suicide and alcoholism plague many of the young people in the community.
    "We are trying to show how Christ is as relevant in Native culture as He is in any other culture," says Ron.
    Adapted from On Mission, the flagship publication of the Southern Baptist Convention's North American Mission Board. Used by permission. Copyright © 2004 by the author or Christianity Today International/Today's Christian magazine."


  • Summer of Hope sees 'breakthrough' for native youth Posted: 5 August, 2010

  • "..After concluding the Warrior Leadership Summit, the above 50 Warriors and the rest of the On Eagles' Wings team traveled across the U.S. over 4500 miles to nine different reservations: "In just three weeks time, among a people group where it is rare for people to come to Christ, they led over 600 native young people to a relationship with Jesus Christ. Many of them declared it publicly in the middle of their village: not at a revival meeting, not at a church, [but] on the basketball court in front of all the young people of their community" Hutchcraft said.
    As they journeyed across the country, these young Warriors shared stories of hurt and suffering from their own lives. They found that "wherever they went, they seemed to find kids like them. The issues are the same no matter where they are from: the same despair, the same suicide attempts, the same violence, the same brokenness, the same sexual abuse," Hutchcraft said. ..



  • Aboriginal Awards, from Turtle Island Network
  • Culture Specific Ministries, Division for Congregational Ministries of the ELCA
  • Native Web, resources for indigeneous cultures around the world
  • -Language

  • American Indian Language Resources, from Osaka University in Japan
  • Media

  • Indian Life, newspaper reaching for Jesus Christ
  • Missions

  • China Trip Report 1999, from Wiconi Int'l
  • Gospel Resources for Native Americans, an Ethnic Harvest link

  • Books & Video References:

    "Brucko", by Bruce Olson
    I had the privilege to read this for a missions class thay my local church held each Sunday morning before church service one year when I was still in college (1999?)
    Pocahontas: The True Story of an American Hero and Her Christian Faith
    Andy Holmes,James Conaway / Hardcover / Ballantine Books, Inc. /
    October 1995

    MOVIES: Wounded Knee, Squanto, Dances with Wolves, Runner-Native American, Smoke Signals

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